L2501 Engine – GOVERNOR

The governor serves to keep engine speed constant by automatically adjusting the amount of fuel supplied to the engine according to changes in the load. This engine employs an all-speed governor which controls the centrifugal force of the steel ball (1) weight, produced by rotation of the fuel camshaft (5), and the tension of the governor spring 1 (7) and 2 (8) are balanced.
(1) Steel Ball
(2) Governor Sleeve
(3) Steel Ball
(4) Governor Ball Case
(5) Fuel Camshaft
(6) Governor Lever
(7) Governor Spring 1
(8) Governor Spring 2
(9) Fork Lever 2
(10) Fork Lever 1
(11) Fork Lever Shaft
(12) Fork Lever Holder

At Start
Flowing of the battery current into the engine stop solenoid (16), the plunger (17) is actuated to arrow direction.
Since the steel ball (1) have no centrifugal force, the control rack (14) is pushed to the right by the start spring (13). Accordingly, the control rack (14) moves to the maximum injection position to assure easy starting.
(13) Start Spring
(14) Control Rack
(15) Injection Pump
(16) Engine Stop Solenoid
(17) Plunger
(18) Guide
(19) Idling Apparatus

At Idling
When the speed control lever is set at the idling position after the engine starts, the governor spring 1 (7) does not work at all and the governor spring 2 (8) does only act slightly. The governor sleeve (2) is pushed leftward by a centrifugal force of steel ball (1). Therefore, the fork lever 1 (10) and control rack (14) are moved to the left by the governor sleeve (2) and then the start spring (13) is compressed by the control rack (14). As a result, the control rack (14) is kept at a position where a centrifugal force of steel ball (1) and forces of start spring (13), governor spring 2 (8) are balanced, providing stable idling.
(1) Steel Ball
(2) Governor Sleeve
(6) Governor Lever
(7) Governor Spring 1
(8) Governor Spring 2
(10) Fork Lever 1
(13) Start Spring
(14) Control Rack

At High Speed Running with Overload
When an overload is applied to the engine running at a high speed, the centrifugal force of steel ball (1) becomes small as the engine speed is dropped, and fork lever 2 (9) is pulled to the right by the governor springs 1 (7) and 2 (8), increasing fuel injection. Though, fork lever 2 (9) becomes ineffective in increasing fuel injection when it is stopped by the adjusting screw (21).
After that, when the force of torque spring (20) becomes greater than the centrifugal force of the steel ball (1), fork lever 1 (10) moves rightward to increase fuel injection, causing the engine to run continuously at a high torque.
(1) Steel Ball
(7) Governor Spring 1
(8) Governor Spring 2
(9) Fork Lever 2
(10) Fork Lever 1
(19) Idling Apparatus
(20) Torque Spring
(21) Adjusting Screw

To Stop Engine
When the battery current stops, the plunger (17) of engine stop solenoid (16) is returned to the original position, the spring (22) to keep the control rack (14) in “No fuel injection” position.
(14) Control Rack
(17) Plunger
(16) Engine Stop Solenoid
(22) Spring

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *